Gospel of Luke
The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical gospels that make up the New Testament. It is also the longest of all. As a synoptic gospel, the gospel of Luke aims to present an account of life and times of the historical Jesus of Nazareth, his ministry, and discusses events relating to his birth, his teachings and performed miracles as well as his final Ascension. Traditionally the authorship of the Gospel of Luke is attributed to Luke the Evangelist. However, modern scholars are divided regarding the same, even though the possibility of Luke being the sole author of this text cannot be ruled out either.
The Gospel of Luke poignantly describes the various stories associated with Christ, which leaves a deep and lasting impression about the personality of Jesus in a reader’s mind. The Gospel of Luke starts with an introduction where the author explains his aims and purpose of writing this text. Like Matthew’s gospel, Luke gives an account of the royal lineage of Jesus and states that He was born of a virgin mother. However unlike Matthew, Luke traces Jesus’ lineage all the way back to Adam, thereby associating him with a universal concept of salvation. In Jesus’ birth story, Luke narrates the incident of Mary and Joseph traveling to Bethlehem with newborn Jesus carried in a manger. Angelic beings declare him as the savior of all people and the shepherds gather around to be a witness to the event. A unique feature to the Gospel of Luke is the birth story of John the Baptist and the three canticles. It is also only in the Gospel of Luke where we find the incident of Jesus’ childhood wherein his parents after losing him initially, find him again in the temple of Jerusalem involved in a deep discussion with several wise men about deep theological matters.
The gospel then goes on to discuss Jesus’ teachings in the form of parables, his beatitudes, and miracles. It also discusses the importance of women in Jesus’ life, and the various women figures among Jesus’ followers, including Mary Magdalene, Mary of Bethany and Martha. The text carries a detailed description of The Last Supper in the way it was narrated by Paul. Luke, in his gospel, puts stress on the fact that Jesus was innocent as far as Roman laws were concerned. On the other hand, Luke holds the Jewish authorities more responsible for the apprehension and final crucifixion of Jesus Christ. In the Passion narrative presented in this gospel, we find Jesus praying to God that He forgives the people who are responsible for his crucifixion. When a crucified thief shows his faith in Jesus, he turns to him and says him that on this day they will be united in Paradise.
Gospel of Luke is also distinct in its description of Jesus’ resurrection appearances. It narrates the story of the two disciples who comes into contact with Jesus on the road to a village named Emma’us and that how he appeared in front of the Eleven, stating that he is not just a spirit but one with flesh and bones.