Gospel of John
The Gospel of John, also known simply as John or The Fourth Gospel, is the last of the 4 main canonical gospels that make up the New Testament. From Chapter 21 of the gospel of John, we come to know that the material of the text is derived from a very close disciple of Jesus. Early church traditions identify this disciple as John the Apostle, who was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. The style and content of the gospel of John bears similarities to the three remaining Epistles of John. However, most of the modern scholars do not attribute the authorship of this gospel of John or the Epistles of John as the work of John the Apostle himself.
Deviating from the trend of the synoptic gospels, the Gospel of John presents Jesus as an incarnation of Divine Logos that is responsible for all created things and as such a major object of veneration. It is only in this text that Jesus is found speaking of his divinity and how the performance of his miracles was a means to develop faith in people. Unlike the synoptic texts that spoke of exorcisms and parables, the Gospel of John presents to the reader a realized eschatology where the believer is already gifted with salvation.
The gospel starts with a prologue that identifies Jesus with the Divine Logos or the eternal Word. Through this, John asserts the innate superiority of Jesus Christ over all other divine beings. The concept of the Logos as presented here by John is taken from the writings of Philo, who was a first century Hellenized Jew. After the prologue, the gospel goes on to describe incidents from Jesus’ ministry. It narrates how John the Baptist recognizes Jesus as Lamb of God and also goes on to describe the miraculous signs presented by Jesus. These include seven miracles performed by Jesus that are identified as signs meant to foster faith among people, which are again interspersed with prolonged discourses and dialogues. The most notable of these miracles was that of the resurrection of Lazarus. John states that it was this particular miracle that provoked the authorities to execute Jesus.
Then in the Gospel of John, he narrates the events of the Last Supper but in a way that is different from the synoptic gospels. Instead of declaring a covenant by associating bread with his body and wine with his blood, Jesus is seen washing the disciples’ feet as an initiation ritual. Jesus then goes on to depict how he will be united with his Father, how he will send a Paraclete, how he needs to die before the arrival of the Holy Spirit, and how he is the “True Vine”. He further prays that all of his followers may be one.
This is followed by a description of Jesus’ eventual arrest, trial and execution along with an account of incidents relating to his resurrection. The gospel of John does not mention Jesus claiming himself to be the Messiah in front of Pilate or Sanhedrin, nor the occurrence of midday darkness and earthquake that followed Jesus’ death. Receive Bible Quotes from the Gospel of John.