2 Corinthians or the Second Corinthians is the 8th book of Biblical New Testament. Also known as The Second Epistle to the Corinthians, it was written by Paul the Apostle along with “Timothy our brother” around 55 AD to 57 AD.
The church of Corinth commenced in 52 AD and it was during this time that Paul visited the city on his 2nd missionary expedition. He stayed in Corinth for about a year and a half. After Corinth, he left for Ephesus where he stayed for a few more years. Approximately during the third year of his stay in Ephesus, he heard of the news of Corinth and the decadent ways its church and people have descended into. To rectify the issue, he sent a letter to the church of Corinth (Letter of 1 Corinthians). While continuing with his ministry at the city of Ephesus, Paul heard that his first letter wasn’t successful enough in completing its mission. There were numerous false prophets in the city who challenged his apostolic authority.
In spite of the chaotic state of affairs, Paul decided to visit Corinth for a short period and see if he could rectify the situation. However, not only the visit proved to be painful; it didn’t fulfill its purpose at all. So when he returned to Ephesus, he sent a letter through Titus as an appeal to the church to change their immoral ways. Paul had apprehensions as to how the Corinthians would react to his letter. However, he was relieved when he heard that his letter had been received well by the Corinthians and that many of the correctional measures he suggested were able to bring intended results.
In Paul’s second address to the Corinthians, Paul again makes a reference to himself as the apostle of Jesus Christ by God’s will and says to the Corinthians that they won’t have to bear with him visiting them again. He reassures the Corinthians of his love for them. The second book or 2 Corinthians is much shorter in length compared to the first 1 Corinthians. Paul felt that even after sending his first letter, the sociopolitical situation in Corinth has not improved much, and this caused him much grief. He also felt that he is being attacked personally as there were many people in the city of Corinth who challenged his authority and position as an apostle.
Further in 2 Corinthians to his dismay, Paul even compared the level of challenge to cities he had visited who embraced his ideas, such as the Galatians. Paul’s speaking and writing abilities are severely criticized, and he is barely able to defend himself by stating some of his more important teachings. Paul states why it is important to forgive and forget injuries and explains God’s new agreement which emanates from Spirit of the Living God. He also discusses why it is important to dedicate oneself for the cause of Christ and give generously to the people of God living in Jerusalem. To end the book of 2 Corinthians, Paul narrates his own life experiences and states how God had changed his life.
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